# determination of specific gravity

### General Chapters 841 SPECIFIC GRAVITY

Unless otherwise stated in the individual monograph the specific gravity determination is applicable only to liquids and unless otherwise stated is based on the ratio of the weight of a liquid USP29 in air at 25 to that of an equal volume of water at the same temperature Where a temperature is specified in the individual monograph the specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of the

### How to Determine Specific Gravity

Specific gravity measurements are a way to relate the density of a given substance to the density of water This is mainly owing to the universal nature of water Note that the density of water varies slightly with temperature so specific gravity is also a temperature-specific unit How to Determine Specific Gravity

### Specific Gravity Moisture Content and Density

specific gravity and moisture content depend on an understanding of the definition of specific gravity Because specific gravity depends on wood volume shrinkage must be accounted for when determining specific gravity below the fiber saturation point The equations and tables described in this report can be

### Specific Gravity of Soil Test

Sep 30 2017Determination of specific gravity is very important for engineers since it helps them in determining the weight – volume relationships of a soil sample which in turn will help them determine the required soil from the borrow site to take in order to construct at the construction site

### METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY

METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY Myles J McDonough Chandler Engineering Company 2001 N Indianwood Avenue Broken Arrow Oklahoma 74012 HISTORY The terms Specific Gravity and Relative Density have been used for a number of years Yet there seems to be some confusion over what exactly they mean

### specific gravity Methods of Determining Specific Gravity

The specific gravity of the solid is the ratio of its weight in air to the difference between its weight in air and its weight immersed in water Two methods are commonly used for determining the specific gravities of liquids One method uses the hydrometer an instrument that gives a

### How to Calculate the Specific Gravity of a Substance

In physics a substance's specific gravity is the ratio of that substance's density to the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius Because the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius is 1 000 kg/m3 that ratio is easy to find For example the density of gold is 19 300 kg/m3 so its specific gravity is the []

### Urine Specific Gravity

Although determination of specific gravity with a refractometer is quick and easy (reagent strips should not be used to measure specific gravity in horses) 279 one must recognize that urine concentration is determined most accurately by measurement of urine osmolality because the presence of larger molecules in urine such as glucose or

### Expartment No 2 Density and Specific Gravity (Hydrometer)

determination of density and specific gravity of a liquid The operation of the hydrometer is based on the Archimedes principle that a solid suspended in a fluid will be buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced Thus the lighter the liquid (that is the less its specific gravity

### Determination of specific gravity of municipal solid waste

This investigation was conducted to evaluate experimental determination of specific gravity (Gs) of municipal solid waste (MSW) Water pycnometry typically used for testing soils was adapted for testing MSW using a large flask with 2000 mL capacity and specimens with 100-350 g masses

### SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF COARSE AGGREGATE AASHTO T 85

Specific Gravity is the ratio of the weight of a given volume of aggregate to the weight of an equal volume of water Water at a temperature of 73 4F (23C) has a specific gravity of 1 Specific Gravity is important for several reasons Some deleterious particles are lighter than the

### SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND ABSORPTION OF FINE AGGREGATE

1 1 This method covers the determination of specific gravity and absorption of fine aggregate The specific gravity may be expressed as bulk oven dry (O D ) specific gravity bulk saturated surface dry (SSD) specific gravity or apparent specific gravity

### Determination of Specific Gravity

Determination of the specific gravity of soil fraction passing 4 75 mm I S sieve by Volumetric flask Need and Scope The knowledge of specific gravity is required in calculation of soil properties like void ratio degree of saturation and also weight-volume relationship

### Specific Gravity of Soil Test by Pycnometer Method

Specific Gravity of Soil Definition The specific gravity of soil is defined as the unit weight of the soil mass divided by the unit weight of distilled water at 4C It is some times required to compare the density of the soil solids to the density of water This comparison is in the form of ratio and is termed as the specific gravity of the

### Specific gravity

Specific gravity ratio of the density of a substance to that of a standard substance The usual standard of comparison for solids and liquids is water at 4 C (39 2 F) which has a density of 1 0 kg per litre (62 4 pounds per cubic foot) Gases are commonly compared with dry air which has a

### Concentration determination by means of density

API gravity is reported in degrees and calculated based on a formula which includes specific gravity Depending on the country or norm 60 F or 15 C are used as the related temperature This scale is generally used for most transactions in the United States as well as in refinery practice around the world

### Specific Gravity Density Determination

About Specific Gravity Density Determiniation Specific Gravity is a measure of the ratio of the mass of a given volume of material at 23 C to the same volume of water Density a closely related measurement is defined as the mass per unit volume of a sample

### Full text of Determination of the specific gravity of

For example if the specific gravity of a sample of milk is 1-029 the lactometer reading is (1-029 x 1000) —1000 = 1029 — 1000 = 29 The specific gravity of normal milk usually ranges between 1-029 and 1-034 and will average about 1-0315 DETERMINATION OF THE PER CENT OF SOLIDS NOT FAT AND TOTAL SOLIDS IN MILK

### IS 2720

In order to promote public education and public safety equal justice for all a better informed citizenry the rule of law world trade and world peace this legal document is hereby made available on a noncommercial basis as it is the right of all humans to know and speak the laws that govern them

### How to Determine Specific Gravity of Soils

Pycnometer method is used to determine the specific gravity of coarse-grained soils Apparatus In this method a pycnometer of 900-mL capacity is used for determination of specific gravity However IS – 2720 (Part 3/sec 2) – 1980 recommends the use of a gas jar of 1-L capacity in place of the pycnometer for determination of specific

### Gravity (alcoholic beverage)

Gravity in the context of fermenting alcoholic beverages refers to the specific gravity or relative density compared to water of the wort or must at various stages in the fermentation The concept is used in the brewing and wine-making industries Specific gravity is measured by a hydrometer refractometer pycnometer or oscillating U-tube electronic meter

### Coarse Aggregate Specific Gravity

AASHTO T 85 and ASTM C 127 Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate Background Specific gravity is a measure of a material's density (mass per unit volume) as compared to the density of water at 73 4F (23C) Therefore by definition water at a temperature of 73 4F (23C) has a specific gravity

### specific gravity hydrostatically density determination kit

You can determine the specific gravity of a body a second method using just a balance and graduated cylinder to determine the specific gravity hydrostatically This method is best used for larger samples 1 Weigh specimen in grams 2 Partly fill a graduated cylinder (cc)

### Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregates Its Importance

In the aggregates some of the pores are permeable whereas others are impermeable Therefore two types of specific gravities are defined one is the absolute specific gravity and second is the apparent specific gravity In the determination of true or absolute specific gravity both the permeable and impermeable voids are excluded

### Determine The Specific Gravity Of Soil

This test is done to determine the specific gravity of fine-grained soil by density bottle method as per IS 2720 (Part III/Sec 1) – 1980 Specific gravity is the ratio of the weight in air of a given volume of a material at a standard temperature to the weight in air of an equal volume of distilled water at the same stated temperature

### 3 Ways to Test the Specific Gravity of Liquids

Apr 08 2019To test the specific gravity of liquids first pour a sample of liquid into a container You'll need to use a container that is deep enough to allow a hydrometer to float Next make sure the liquid is the same temperature that the hydrometer is calibrated to or you will get an incorrect reading

### SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND ABSORPTION OF COARSE

This procedure covers the determination of specific gravity and absorption of coarse aggregate in accordance with AASHTO T 85-10 Specific gravity may be expressed as bulk specific gravity (Gsb) bulk specific gravity saturated surface dry (Gsb SSD) or apparent specific gravity (Gsa)

### How to measure the Specific Gravity of rocks Roger

Jun 26 2015The Specific Gravity (SG) of a substance is a measure of its density It is expressed as the ratio of the weight of a given volume of the substance compared to the weight of an equal volume of a reference substance – usually water An alternative term sometimes used is

### Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate

Sep 04 2017Procedure for the determination of specific gravity of fine aggregate Clean the pycnometer dry it Find the weight of the pycnometer Take about 200gm of coarse aggregate sample in the pycnometer Weight the pycnometer Note the weight W2 Fill the remaining part of pycnometer with distilled water and weight W3

### Specific Gravity of Soil By Pycnometer Method

The Pycnometer is used for determination of specific gravity of soil particles of both fine grained and coarse grained soils The determinination of specific gravity of soil will help in the calculation of void ratio degree of saturation and other different soil properties Specific Gravity of Soil By Pycnometer Method Equipment for Specific